Political support for the Jewish state has long been a broadly bi-partisan issue in America—and a multi-denominational issue in the American Jewish community. Yet the nature of the Israel question in America seems to be changing, as witnessed in recent debates over the Iran nuclear deal and over various anti-Israel efforts at the United Nations. Why is the left becoming more hostile toward Israel, and why is the right becoming even more committed to standing with the Jewish state? And what do these ideological shifts mean for the future of pro-Israel advocacy?

Hon. Elliott Abrams

The Honorable Elliott Abrams is the chairman of Tikvah, as well as chairman of the Vandenberg Coalition and senior fellow for Middle Eastern studies at the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, D.C. He served as special assistant to the president and NSC senior director for the Near East and North Africa in the first term of George W. Bush, and as deputy assistant to the president and deputy national security advisor in the second term. In the Trump administration, he served in the State Department as special representative for Iran and for Venezuela. He is the author of Undue Process (1993), Security and Sacrifice (1995), Faith or Fear (1997), and Tested by Zion (2013), and writes widely on U.S. foreign policy, with special focus on the Middle East and the issues of democracy and human rights. His most recent book is Realism and Democracy: American Foreign Policy After the Arab Spring (2017).

Michael Doran

Michael Doran is a Senior Fellow at the Hudson Institute in Washington, D.C. He specializes in Middle East security issues. In the administration of President George W. Bush, Doran served in the White House as a Senior Director in the National Security Council, where he was responsible for helping to devise and coordinate United States strategies on a variety of Middle East issues, including Arab-Israeli relations and U.S. efforts to contain Iran and Syria. He also served in the Bush Administration as a senior adviser in the State Department and a Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense in the Pentagon. Born in Kokomo, Indiana, Doran received a B.A. from Stanford and an M.A. and Ph.D. in Near Eastern Studies from Princeton. Before coming to Hudson, Doran was a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution. He has also held teaching positions at NYU, Princeton, and the University of Central Florida. He appears frequently on television and has published extensively in MosaicForeign Affairs, the American Interest, the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, and the New York Times. His most recent book is Ike’s Gamble: America’s Rise to Dominance in the Middle East.